11th International Symposium on Colloidal and Molecular Electrooptics

Joint Research Laboratory, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University,

Uji City, Kyoto, Japan, May 22-25, 2006

Updated November 10, 2008

Photo Album ---jpg file can be downloaded

Program --- fixed version (MSword file)

Third Circular (MSword file)

Third Circular (pdf file)

International Advisory Board of the ELOPTO Conference Series

Chair: Tsuneo Okubo (Japan, okubotsu@ybb.ne.jp , term expires: 2009)
Vice-Chair: Zoltan A. Schelly (USA, schelly@uta.edu , term expires: 2009)
Honorary Members: H. C. Benoit (France), C. Houssier (Belgium), B. R. Jennings (UK), C. T. O'Konski (USA), Stoyl P. Stoylov (Bulgaria, stoylov@ipchp.ipc.bas.bg), Kiwamu Yamaoka (Japan, yamaoka@hiroshima-u.ac.jp), K. Yoshioka (Japan)
Members: Matthias Ballauff (Germany, matthias.ballauff@uni-bayreuth.de), Jean-Louis Dejardin (France, dejardin@univ-perp.fr), Kohzo Ito (Japan, kohzo@molle.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp), Etsuo Kokufuta (Japan,kokufuta@sakura.cc.tsukuba.ac.jp), Eberhard Neumann (Germany, eberhard.neumann@uni-bielefeld.de), Wilhelm Oppermann (Germany, wilhelm.oppermann@tu-clausthal.de), Thomas Palberg (Germany, thomas.palberg@uni-
mainz.de), Ivana Petkanchin (Bulgaria, petkanch@ipc.bas.bg), Viktor Peykov (USA, ViktorPeykov@appdrugs.com), Dietmar Poerschke (Germany, dpoersc@gwdg.de), Toshiyuki Shikata (Japan, shikata@chem.sci.osaka-u.ac.jp), Nancy C. Stellwagen (USA, nancy-stellwagen@uiowa.edu), Jose Garcia de la Torre (Spain, jgt@um.es), Anatoli Trusov (Russia, anatoli.trusov@pobox.spbu.ru), Nicolai V. Tsvetkov (Russia, N.Tsvetkov@paloma.spbu.ru), and Vladislav Voitylov (Russia, Vladislav.Voitylov@paloma.spbu.ru)

Approved by the Board on July 11, 2006

Proceedings was published

June 1, 2007

Colloids and Surfaces, B: Biointerfaces
Volume 56, Issues 1-2, Pages 1-304 (15 April 2007)
ELOPTO-2006 Special Issue, 11th Symposium on Colloid and Molecular Electro-Optics
Kyoto, Japan
22-25 May 2006
Edited by Hiroyuki Ohshima, Tsuneo Okubo, Etsuo Kokufuta and Kiwamu Yamakawa

Page 1
Personal report
Chester T. O'Konski (1921-2006)
Nancy Stellwagena
Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Tel.: +1 319 335 7896; fax: +1 319 335 9570.

In this Special Edition of Colloids & Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, devoted to publication of the Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Colloidal and Molecular Electro-Optics, it seems fitting to remember Chester T. O'Konski, Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, California. Chet was one of the founders of the field of electro-optics and a pioneer in developing the techniques of transient electric birefringence (TEB) and transient electric dichroism (TED) to analyze the hydrodynamics and electrical properties of polyions in solution.

Chet received his Ph.D. from Northwestern University (Evanston, Illinois) in 1948 and immediately joined the Chemistry Department at Berkeley, where he spent his entire career. He became Professor Emeritus in 1991. His early work on tobacco mosaic virus with Bruno Zimm and Art Halter led to the establishment of TEB and TED as important methods for measuring the size and shape of biomolecules in solution. His studies with Koshiro Yoshioda and William Orttung led to the formulation of a theory describing the saturation of electric birefringence in high electric fields, which has since been used by numerous investigators to analyze the optical and electrical anisotropies of polyions. Chet was also interested in the history of electro-optics and described the discovery of the Kerr effect and other early investigations in the first chapter of the two-volume treatise Molecular Electro-Optics, which he also edited.

Chet's work in electro-optics led to the receipt of numerous awards, including a Guggenheim fellowship in 1955, a Miller Professorship in 1960 and a Nobel guest professorship in 1970. In 1991, Chet was awarded the first John Kerr Medal for outstanding contributions of the development of molecular electro-optics.

Pages 2-3
Colloidal and molecular electro-optics
Hiroyuki Ohshima, Tsuneo Okubo, Etsuo Kokufuta and Kiwamu Yamaoka

Pages 4-15
Dynamic electro-optic properties of macromolecules and nanoparticles in solution: A review of computational and simulation methodologies
J. Garc誕 de la Torre

Pages 16-18
Colloid vibration potential in a suspension of spherical colloidal particles
Hiroyuki Ohshima

Pages 19-25
Polarizability and Kerr constant of proteins by boundary element methods
Sergio R. Aragon and David K. Hahn

Pages 26-34
Influence of the anisotropic polarizability on the anomalous dielectric relaxation spectra
Jean-Louis D史ardin and Jan Jadzyn

Pages 35-43
Birefringence and dielectric relaxation decay transients and anisotropic rotational diffusion of macromolecules in a strong external electric field
Yuri P. Kalmykov

Pages 44-49
The nature of メunusualモ electro-optical transients observed for DNA
Dietmar Porschke

Pages 50-58
Electro-optical investigations of the dipole moments of nanoparticles
S.P. Stoylov

Pages 59-64
Scaling procedures in colloidal electro-optics
Maria Stoimenova

Pages 65-71
Complex electrooptic research of nano-particle parameters in colloids
A. Melnikov, A. Spartakov, A. Trusov and V. Vojtylov

Pages 72-79
Dynamics of ultrasonically induced birefringence of in rod-like colloidal solutions
Tatsuro Matsuoka, Keiji Yasuda, Ken Yamamoto, Shinobu Koda and Hiroyasu Nomura

Pages 80-86
Transient molecular electro-optics: Cartesian rotation vector versus Eulerian angles
Tom Richard Evensen, Arnljot Elgsaeter and Stine Nalum Naess

Pages 87-96
Reversing-pulse electric birefringence of multicomponent systems: The formulation and signal simulation for two axially symmetric components in equilibrium and the appearance of unusual signal patterns
Kiwamu Yamaoka

Pages 97-106
Anomalous electric birefringence behavior of sonicated DNA fragments as observed in reversing-pulse transients and steady-state sign reversal: A multicomponent approach
Kiwamu Yamaoka

Pages 107-113
Electric birefringence and streaming-electric birefringence of synthesized imogolite: The anisotropy of electric polarizability
Mitsuhiro Matsumoto, Sae Koibuchi and Naoki Hayashi

Pages 114-120
Protein-coated _-ferric hydrous oxide particles: An electrokinetic and electrooptic study
A.G. Dobrikova, M.I. Dimitrov, S.G. Taneva and I.B. Petkanchin

Pages 121-125
Numerical methods for inverse problems in electrooptics of polydisperse colloids
L. Babadzanjanz and A. Voitylov

Pages 126-133
How are small ions involved in the compaction of DNA molecules?
Takafumi Iwaki, Takuya Saito and Kenichi Yoshikawa

Pages 134-141
Functional nanofibrous scaffolds for bone reconstruction
Christian Burger and Benjamin Chu

Pages 142-148
Light scattering study of complex formation between protein and polyelectrolyte at various ionic strengths
Hiroshi Matsunami, Rie Kikuchi, Kazuyoshi Ogawa and Etsuo Kokufuta

Pages 149-154
Static light scattering study of complex formation between protein and neutral water-soluble polymer
Hiroshi Matsunami, Chiho Fujita, Kazuyoshi Ogawa and Etsuo Kokufuta

Pages 155-160
A mycelium with polyelectrolyte complex-bunched hyphae: Preparation and fermentation performance
Takato Mizunuma, Etsuo Kokufuta and Seigo Sato

Pages 161-162
Light scattering in colloidal solution of magnetite in electric and magnetic fields
Constantine V. Yerin

Pages 163-169
In-situ monitoring of the dielectric and electrostrictive properties of anodised thin films for biochip applications
J.-F. Vanhumbeeck and J. Proost

Pages 170-173
Change of purple membranes geometry induced by protein adsorption
Alexandar M. Zhivkov

Pages 174-181
Iron hydroxide nanoparticles coated with poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(aspartic acid) block copolymer as novel magnetic resonance contrast agents for in vivo cancer imaging
Michiaki Kumagai, Yutaka Imai, Teisaku Nakamura, Yuichi Yamasaki, Masaki Sekino, Shoogo Ueno, Kenjiro Hanaoka, Kazuya Kikuchi, Tetsuo Nagano, Eiji Kaneko, et al.

Pages 182-187
Molecular assembly of artificial photosynthetic antenna core complex on an amino-terminated ITO electrode
Yoshiharu Suemori, Kaoru Fujii, Makiko Ogawa, Yukari Nakamura, Kiyoshi Shinohara, Katsunori Nakagawa, Morio Nagata, Kouji Iida, Takehisa Dewa, Keiji Yamashita, et al.

Pages 188-196
Resistance of surface-confined telomers with pendent glucosylurea groups against non-specific adsorption of proteins
Hiromi Kitano, Makoto Gemmei-Ide, Yasutaka Anraku and Yoshiyuki Saruwatari

Pages 197-200
Regular self-motion of a liquid droplet powered by the chemical marangoni effect
Ken Nagai, Yutaka Sumino and Kenichi Yoshikawa

Pages 201-209
Drying dissipative patterns of the colloidal crystals of silica spheres in an dc-electric field
Tsuneo Okubo, Keisuke Kimura and Akira Tsuchida

Pages 210-219
Electrophoretic flow behaviour and mobility of colloidal fluids and crystals
Martin Medebach, Larysa Shapran and Thomas Palberg

Pages 220-223
Optically induced melting of colloidal crystals and their recrystallization
Masashi Harada, Masahiko Ishii and Hiroshi Nakamura

Pages 224-230
Photonic band structures of colloidal crystals measured with angle-resolved reflection spectroscopy
Masahiko Ishii, Masashi Harada, Azusa Tsukigase and Hiroshi Nakamura

Pages 231-235
Colloidal crystals of coreミshell type spheres with poly(styrene) core and poly(ethylene oxide) shell
Junichi Okamoto, Hiroshi Kimura, Akira Tsuchida, Tsuneo Okubo and Koichi Ito

Pages 236-240
Rheological properties of deionized Chinese ink
Hiroshi Kimura, Yasushi Nakayama, Akira Tsuchida and Tsuneo Okubo

Pages 241-245
Reversible photobluing of CdSe/ZnS/TOPO nanocrystals
Masaru Oda, Atsushi Hasegawa, Noriya Iwami, Ken Nishiura, Naohisa Ando, Akira Nishiyama, Hiromi Horiuchi and Toshiro Tani

Pages 246-254
Impact of initiators in preparing magnetic polymer particles by miniemulsion polymerization
Yasujiro Mori and Haruma Kawaguchi

Pages 255-259
Effect of core-shell micelle formation on the redox properties of phenothiazine-labeled poly(ethyl glycidy ether)-block-poly(ethylene oxide)
Ryohei Tsuda, Sayaka Kaino, Hisashi Kokubo, Shin-Ichiro Imabayashi and Masayoshi Watanabe

Pages 260-264
Light exposure dependence of molecular orientation of glassy polyfluorene layers formed on photo-aligned polyimide films
Kenji Sakamoto, Kiyoaki Usami and Kazushi Miki

Pages 265-269
Lower critical solution temperature type of phase separation in aqueous mixture of polyelectrolytes
Tsuyoshii Tsubouchi, Koji Nishida and Toshiji Kanaya

Pages 270-276
Liquidミliquid equilibria of polyrotaxane and poly(vinyl alcohol)
Toshiyuki Kataoka, Yohei Nagao, Masatoshi Kidowaki, Jun Araki and Kohzo Ito

Pages 277-280
Effect of salts on the electrical conductance of a fluorine-containing poly(carboxylic acid), PPFNA
Akira Minakata, Takuhiro Nishio, Motoko Kimura, Shin-Ichi Yano, Yoshito Tanaka and Tetsuo Shimizu

Pages 281-284
Subnanometer size uncapped quantum dots via electroporation of synthetic vesicles
Zoltan A. Schelly

Pages 285-289
Photochemical control of network structure in gels and photo-induced changes in their viscoelastic properties
Nobuhiko Hosono, Hidemitsu Furukawa, Yuichi Masubuchi, Toshiyuki Watanabe and Kazuyuki Horie

Pages 290-295
Thermal response of a microgel system
K.L. Wu and S.K. Lai

Pages 296-302
Surface sliding friction of negatively charged polyelectrolyte gels
Go Kagata and Jian Ping Gong

Third Circular

March 28,2006

Important Dates
January 16, 2006:
Deadline for submitting oral and poster presentation.
March 31, 2006:
Deadline for submission of abstract paper.
March 31, 2006:
Deadline for registration.
March 31, 2006:
Deadline for hotel reservation.
May 22-25, 2006:
ELOPTO-2006 symposium.
August 31, 2006:
Deadline for submission of paper for the special issue of
Colloids & Surfaces B: Biointerfaces

Dear Colleagues:

The 11th International Symposium on Colloidal and Molecular Electro-optics, ELOPTO-2006, will be held at Joint Research Laboratory, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji City, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan from May 22 to 25, 2006. We would like to thank those who have informed us of their interest in this symposium in response to the first circular. We further call general oral and poster presentations by January 16, 2006. This second circular contains detailed information, paper submission form, registration form and hotel reservation form.
We hope to see you in Kyoto.

On behalf of the organizers of ELOPTO-2006,
Dr. Tsuneo Okubo
Guest Professor, Yamagata University,
Professor Emeritus, Gifu University,
Head, Institute for Colloidal Organization
Cooperative Research Center, Yamagata University,
4-3-16 Johnan,Yonezawa 992-8510, Japan
Tel: +81-238-26-3602, Fax: +81-238-26-3409,
E-mail: okubo@yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp

Objective and Scope

The 11th Symposium covers wide Subjects on Polymers, Polyelectrolytes, Biopolymers, Gels, Colloids, Clays, Molecular Assemblies, Liquid Crystals, Nanomaterials, Bio- and Medicinal Systems by Electro-optic, Electric, Optical, Dielectric, Dynamic Light Scattering, and Other Related Techniques.
Scientific Program: Advances in Methodology, Theoretical Aspects, Rigid Particles, Polymers and Polyelectrolyte, Vesicles and Membranes, Biomolecular Systems, Crystalline Systems, Gels, Colloids, Clays, and Poster Session.

Organizing Committee for ELOPTO-2006

Kiwamu YAMAOKA: Honorary Chair (Hiroshima Univ., yamaoka@hiroshima-u.ac.jp)
Tsuneo OKUBO: Chair (Yamagata Univ., okubo@yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp)
Etsuo KOKUFUTA: Vice Chair (Tsukuba Univ., kokufuta@sakura.cc.tsukuba.ac.jp)
Akira TSUCHIDA: Secretariat (Gifu Univ., tsuchida@apchem.gifu-u.ac.jp)
Toshiharu HIRAI (Catalyst & Chemicals Ind. Co., Ltd.), Kohzo ITO (Univ. Tokyo), Toshiji KANAYA (Kyoto Univ.), Hisahiko KASHIHARA (Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.), Hiroshi KIMURA (Gifu Univ.), Shinobu KODA (Nagoya Univ.), Mitsuhiro MATSUMOTO (Tokushima Univ.), Akira MINAKATA (Hamamatsu Univ. Med.), Hiroshi NAKAMURA (Toyota Central R&D Labs.), Toshiyuki SHIKATA (Osaka Univ.), Tetsuo SHIMIZU (Daikin Ind. Ltd.), Toshiyuki WATANABE (Tokyo Univ. Agri. Tec.), Masafumi YOSHIDA (Musashi Inst. Tec.), Kohji YOSHINAGA (Kyushu Inst. Tec.)

International Advisory Board of the ELOPTO Conference Series (2003-2006)

Chair: S. P. Stoylov (Bulgaria), Vice Chair: Z. A. Schelly (USA) 
E. Kokufuta (Japan), E. Neumann (Germany), T. Okubo (Japan), W. Oppermann (Germany), I. Petkanchin (Bulgaria), V. Peykov (USA), D. Porschke (Germany), N. C. Stellwagen (USA), J. G. de la Torre (Spain), A. Trusov (Russia), N. Tsvetkov (Russia), V. Voitylov (Russia), K. Yamaoka (Japan)

Honorary Members: H. C. Benoit (France), C. Houssier (Belgium), B. R. Jennings (UK), C. T. O'Konski (USA), K.Yoshioka (Japan)

Plenary Lecturers
Professor Benjamin Chu (State Univ. of New York, USA)
 Macromolecular and Colloidal Manipulation in Electro-Spun Scaffolds for Non-Viral Gene Delivery

Professor Thomas Palberg (Univ. of Mainz, Germany)
Electro-optic Experiments with Colloidal Crystals
Professor Toshio Yanagida (Osaka Univ., Japan)
 Single Molecule Nano-Bioscience

Invited Speakers

Prof. Hiroyuki Asanuma (Univ. Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Sanford A. Asher (Univ. Pittsburgh, USA), Prof. Matthias Ballauf (Univ. Bayreuth, Germany), Prof. Tommaso Bellini (Univ. Milano, Italy), Prof. Jean-Louis Dejardin (Univ. Perpignan, France), Prof. Arnljot Elgsaeter (Trondheim Univ., Norway), Prof. Hiroshi Frusawa (Kochi Univ. Tech., Japan), Prof. Jose Garcia de la Torre (Univ. Murcia, Italy), Prof. Jian Ping Gong (Hokkaido Univ., Japan), Dr. Toshiharu Hirai (Shokubai Kasei Co., Japan), Prof. Tomiki Ikeda (Tokyo Inst. Tech., Japan), Prof. Kohzo Ito (Univ. of Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Tomokazu Iyoda (Tokyo Inst. Tech., Japan), Prof. Yuri Kalmykov (Univ. Perpignan, France), Prof. Kazunori Kataoka (Univ. Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Haruma Kawaguchi (Keio Univ., Japan), Dr. Susumu Kawase (Soken Chem. & Eng. Co., Ltd., R & D Center, Japan), Prof. Hiromi Kitano (Univ. of Toyama, Japan), Prof. Shinobu Koda (Nagoya Univ., Japan), Dr. Hiroshi Nakamura (Toyota Central R/D Lab., Japan), Prof. Mamoru Nango (Nagoya Inst. Tech., Japan), Prof. Eberhard Neumann (Univ. Bielefeld, Germany), Prof. Koji Nishida (Kyoto Univ., Japan), Prof. Yutaka Ohmori (Osaka Univ., Japan), Prof. Hiroyuki Ohshima (Tokyo Univ. Sci., Japan), Prof. Atsuhiro Osuka (Kyoto Univ., Japan), Prof. Ivana Petkanchin (Bulgarian Acad. Sci., Bulgaria), Prof. Dietmar Poershke (MPI, Germany), Dr. Kenji Sakamoto (NIMS, Japan), Prof. Zoltan A. Schelly (Texas Univ. Arlington, USA), Prof. Toshiyuki Shikata (Osaka Univ., Japan), Dr. Tetsuo Shimizu (Daikin Co., Japan), Prof. Masatsugu Shimomura (Hokkaido Univ., Japan), Prof. Takeshi Shimomura (Univ. Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Francesco Stellacci (MIT, USA), Prof. Nancy Stellwagen (Univ. Iowa, USA), Prof. Maria Stoimenova (Bulgarian Acad. Sci., Bulgaria), Prof. Stoyl P. Stoylov (Bulgarian Acad. Sci., Bulgaria), Dr. Motohiko Tanaka (NIFS, Japan), Prof. Hirokazu Toriumi (Univ. Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Norihiro Umeda (Tokyo Univ. Agri.Tech., Japan), Prof. Vladislav Voitylov (St. Petersburg State Univ., Russia), Prof. Junji Watanabe (Tokyo Inst. Tech., Japan), Prof. Masayoshi Watanabe (Yokohama National Univ., Japan), Prof. Toshiyuki Watanabe (Tokyo Univ. Agri. Tech., Japan), Prof. Sunao Yamada (Kyushu Univ., Japan), Prof. Masafumi Yoshida (Musashi Inst. Tech., Japan), Prof. Kenichi Yoshikawa (Kyoto Univ., Japan), Prof. Ryo Yoshida (Univ. Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Khoji Yoshinaga (Kyushu Inst. Tech., Japan)


The Chemical Society of Japan
The Society of Polymer Science, Japan
The Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan

Grants-in-Aid Acknowledged

Persons and organizations listed below are deeply acknowledged for their financial supports.

Catalysts & Chemicals Ind. Co., Ltd.
CCI Corporation
Daikin Industries, Ltd.
Gifu University
Institute for Colloidal Organization
International Communications Foundation
Kyoto University
Kyushu Institute of Technology
Mite Four Medical, Inc.
Musashi Institute of Technology
Nagoya University
Osaka University
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Saitama Daiichi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.
Soken Chemicals & Engineering Co., Ltd.
The Society of Polymer Science, Japan
Tokushima University
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Industry
Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc.
Tsukioka Co., Ltd.
University of Tsukuba
University of Tokyo
Professor Emeritus Kiwamu Yamaoka, Hiroshima University
Professor Emeritus Tsuneo Okubo, Gifu University

A part of the expenditure of this symposium is subsidized by International Communications Foundation

A part of the expenditure of this symposium is subsidized by The Society of Polymer Science, Japan


All scientific and administration correspondence should be directed to the ELOPTO-2006 Secretariat. As for the correspondence of registration and accommodation, please contact with the ELOPTO-2006 Official Travel Agency.

ELOPTO-2006 Secretariat
Prof. Akira Tsuchida
Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University
1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, JAPAN
Phone: +81-58-293-2624, Fax: +81-58-293-2628, E-mail: tsuchida@apchem.gifu-u.ac.jp

Having been the capital of Japan for more than a thousand years after 794, Kyoto has many cultural sight-seeing spots which the Japanese take pride in. Over 250 shrines, as many as 1,600 temples and other cultural properties of the ling history of the city impress visitors. Kyoto also boasts several excellent museums, including the Kyoto National Museum.












Kyoto City Home Page: http://www.city.kyoto.jp/koho/index_e.html
Sightseeing Map of Kyoto City: http://www.kyobunka.or.jp/index_e.html


Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University
The Institute for Chemical Research (ICR) at Kyoto University had its origin in a laboratory created in 1915 in the College of Science to study and manufacture salvarsan and was formally founded in 1926 as the first university-affiliated research institute in Japan. The present system includes nine divisions and three affiliated research centers, which consists of a total of 31 laboratories and five guest-laboratories. The activities of these laboratories encompass organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, materials chemistry, and physical chemistry. Currently, each laboratory is affiliated with one of the Graduate Schools: Science, Engineering, Agriculture, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Medicine, or Informatics.
From Keihan-Sanjo Station to Obaku Station (Keihan Uji Line), 35 min, then 6 min by walk
From Kyoto Station to Obaku Station (JR Nara Line), 20 min, then 5 min by walk

http://www.kuicr.kyoto-u .ac.jp/index.html

Kinkakuji Temple (Kyoto)
Listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1994, Kinkakuji (Temple of the Golden Pavilion) is the popular name of Rokuonji (Deer Park Temple), a temple dedicated to the Buddhist Goddess of Mercy, Kannon. The land was first a mountain getaway for Saionji Kitsune (1171-1244) and included both a temple and a villa. The estate withered away and became the property of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu (1358-1408), the third shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate, who built Kitayamaden as a retirement estate in 1398. After his death in 1419, the grounds were turned into a Buddhist temple for the Rinzai sect and Muso Kokushi was appointed abbot as per Yoshimitsu's will. The name Rokuon comes from Yoshimitsu's Buddhist name.

Byodoin Temple (Uji, Kyoto)
Byodoin was placed on the World Heritage List in 1994 by UNESCO. You may have seen this building before, as it is on the Japanese 10 yen coin. During the 10th and throughout the 11th century, the Fujiwara family controlled the royal government by maintaining a monopoly on the posts called Sssho and Kampaku. The role of Kampaku was extremely powerful, as it was the chief advisor to the emperor. In 1052, the Kampalu Fujiwara Yorimichi decided to convert one of his father's villas into a temple. This was in the middle of the Heian period (794-1185). In 1053, the Hoodo (more commonly as the Phoenix Hall) was built in order to house a statue of the Amida Nyorai Buddha.


webmaster : yoshida@ch.ns.musashi-tech.ac.jp